Type of Sports
Bengal is considered to be the home of Indian Football. At one time it was called the Mecca of Indian football. The year 1877 goes down in the history as the start of Calcutta's or rather Indi's tryst with football. Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikary is acknowledged as the 'father of Indian soccer' for his pioneering role in introducing soccer as a teenager in the year 1877 at Hare School in North Calcutta. It is he who mobilized his classmates and started playing the game at the Hare School compound. Attracted by the enthusiasm of the boys in the school, the European teachers of the school & adjacent colleges encouraged Nagendra Prasad and his companions to promote the game among students in and around Calcutta. The Boys' Club, founded by Nagendra Prasad around this time, was the first Indian initiative at football organization
There is no proof about exact origin of the game KHO KHO. The game was played in the simplest form with some basic rules which guided this game. But it was played at different places with different rules and names. In WEST BENGAL we know the game in the name of "DARIA BANDA". In the year 1914 the first code of rules were framed by some KHO KHO experts of "DECCAN GYMKHANA" Of Pune. In the year 1928 to promote Indian game "THE AKHIL MAHARASHTRA SHARIRIK SHIKSHAN MONDAL" was formed. For further development of the game KHO KHO a committee of experts studied the game and submitted their recommendation to A.M.S.S.M in 1933. In the year 1935 for the first time KHO KHO rules was published in the form of BOOK. The second edition of the rules book with some modification was published in 1949 with more exact form
The first hockey club in India was formed in Kolkata in 1885-86. The oldest hockey tournament in India - the Beighton Cup - started in Kolkata in 1895. The first hockey association in India was formed in Kolkata in 1908 - the Bengal Hockey Assocation. The first national hockey championship of India was held in Kolkata in 1928. It was called the inter-provincials, with 5 provinces of undivided India participating. The first Indian Olympic team for the Amsterdam Games was selected in Kolkata after the 1928 nationals. Kolkata, despite its pioneering role in the history of Indian hockey, is the only major metropolis in India without an artificial turf. The photograph below was taken before a match between India XI and Rest of India XI played in Kolkata.
Organised cricket among the Bengalis had received a significant boost at the turn of the century in 1910 with the formation of the Bengal Gymkhana. Dwijen Sen, secretary of the Sporting Union Club and chief architect of the initiative, found a willing patron in the Maharaja of Cooch Behar. The Gymkhana acquired a plot of ground on the maidan beside the Shahid Minar (then the Ochterlony Monument) and had access to the Woodlands cricket ground at Cooch Behar House in Alipore. In 1911, the Bengal Gymkhana played its first match at Woodlands against an opposition fielded by the Maharaja of Kashmir. The Gymkhana spread the gospel of cricket in far-flung areas of the province. It undertook tours to Dhaka and Mymensingh, where cricket was on the wane after the annulment of the partition of Bengal in 1911. The efforts of the Bengal Gymkhana were complemented by the formation of strong cricket sides by the Maharajas of Cooch Behar and Natore, Mymensingh and Rangpur. The Maharajas fielded their own teams, of which they were active members. The practice of hiring foreign coaches and players to improve the standard of play was also common. It is interesting to note that by hiring English professionals, the Maharajas reversed the prevalent hierarchy of employment in colonial India.
By the 1920s, Bengal's cricket had acquired considerable prominence, and its teams could easily compete with the best teams of the country. In 1922-23, a team from Bengal comprising Bengali, Anglo-Indian and English cricketers toured the Central Provinces and Berar, winning several matches. Teams from Rawalpindi and Chennai came to Bengal in 1922-23. In 1926-27, the Calcutta Cricket Club was instrumental in bringing to India the MCC side led by Arthur Gilligan, a tour universally acknowledged to have transformed Indian cricket. It was a tribute to the level of cricket in Bengal that two players from Bengal, Bidhu Mukherji of the Aryans Club and Faguram groundsman of the Calcutta Cricket Club, were invited for the trials to choose the All-India team that toured England in 1911.